It’s estimated that one out 22 women in India will get breast cancer in their lifetime check yourself once a month 4 to 5 days after your periods. let us show you how to examine yourself in 5 steps. breast cancer
look for any change in your breast nipples. Observe the shape color size and contour step.
Stand in front of a mirror use your index middle and ring finger. Gradually keep increasing pressure in a circular motion. Follow a simple u-shaped path. Starting from your armpits move to your bra line then onto your breastbone and finally to your collarbone. Check yourself in different positions.
You’re looking for lumps, swelling, thickening, dimpling, discharge, persistent pain, loss of contour, puckering, redness.
Any changes must be reported to your doctor at the earliest.
For women over 50 routine checkups and a mammogram once every two years is recommended.
With the different types of breast cancer come a variety of related symptoms. For example, invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), which forms in the milk ducts, may cause a distinct breast lump that you can feel. Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC), which forms in milk-producing glands, may cause a thickening in the breast.
Papillary carcinoma symptoms
Although papillary carcinoma may not be present, a routine mammogram may detect its development. For those who do experience symptoms related to this type of cancer, the following may be common:
Mass: Papillary carcinoma is most often detected as a cyst or lump of about 2 cm to 3 cm in size that may be felt with the hand during a breast self-exam.
Nipple discharge: About 50 percent of papillary carcinomas occur beneath the nipple, resulting in bloody nipple discharge.
Triple-negative breast cancer symptoms
Although triple-negative breast cancer does not look different from other breast cancer, it has several unique characteristics, including:
Receptor status: Tests that detect receptors for estrogen, progesterone and HER2 will be negative, which means hormone therapy, a traditional breast cancer treatment, is not effective. Instead, triple-negative breast cancer treatment options will include chemotherapy, targeted therapy and radiation.
More aggressive: A greater tendency to spread and recur after treatment compared to other breast cancer types. This risk decreases after the first few years following therapy.
Cell type and grade: Triple-negative breast cancer cells tend to be “basal-like,” meaning that they resemble the basal cells lining the breast ducts. The cells may also be higher grade, which means that they no longer resemble normal, healthy cells.
Male breast cancer symptoms
Male breast cancer symptoms can be similar to those experienced by women and may include:
- Lumps in the breast, usually painless
- Thickening of the breast
- Changes to the nipple or breast skin, such as dimpling, puckering or redness
- Discharge of fluid from the nipples